Startseite » Geography learning material » The 7 continents of the world easily explained + map & video

The 7 continents of the world easily explained + map & video

Millions of years ago our earth looked totally different than it does today. This was mainly due to the fact that all continents were connected. This giant continent was called Pangea. Due to the movement of our earth, the continents have slowly separated from one another over time and drifted in different directions. Only the two continents Australia and Antarctica stand completely alone.

Antarctica

Antarctica is located at the South Pole and is the coldest continent on earth. It is about one and a half times the size of Europe and almost completely covered in ice. It can reach minus 90 degrees Celsius there. With the exception of a few researchers, hardly any people live on the continent. There are also hardly any plants to be found here, so that the animals that live there, such as the penguin, mainly look for food in the sea.

Australia

Australia is both the smallest and the flattest continent. Together with New Zealand and the islands that surround Australia, it is often referred to as Oceania. The best known on the continent are probably the kangaroo, the koala and the platypus. The native people of Australia, the Aborigines, were very close to nature. Today over 20 million people live on this part of the world. Most are descendants of 19th century European immigrants.

7 continents of the world map Asia

The largest continent, which covers almost 35%, i.e. almost a third, of the total area of ​​the earth, is Asia. It is connected to both Europe in the west and Africa in the southwest. Asia breaks many records, for example most of the people live in China and India. Russia, which is the largest country in the world, is also – in any case for the most part – in Asia. The largest mountain in the world – Mount Everest – is also located on the Asian continent. It is located in the Himalayan Mountains and is 8,848 meters high.

Europe

Europe is the second smallest continent and is linked to Asia. Since Europe is attached to Asia like a peninsula and, for example, Russia and Turkey are partly in Asia and partly in Europe, scientists often refer to these two continents as Eurasia. Even if Europe is relatively small, over 100 languages ​​are spoken here, because a lot of people with different cultures live here.

Africa

The warmest and second largest of all continents on earth is Africa. The largest desert area in the world is also located here: the Sahara. It takes up about a third of the total area of ​​Africa and is the hottest desert in the world. During the day it can get hotter than 60 degrees here, but at night it cools down to 30 degrees. Scientists found that today’s humans originated in Africa. Many fascinating animals such as the elephant, the rhinoceros, the zebra or the lion live in the savannahs of Africa.

The double continent America

America is made up of two contiguous continents. That is why it is also called a double continent. It stretches from the Arctic almost to the Antarctic, which means that all climatic zones can be found on this part of the world.

Most of the time, English is spoken in North America because there are the two largest countries there – the US and Canada. Most of the people in South America speak Spanish. Portuguese is only spoken in Brazil. The rainforest is also located on this continent. This is the largest jungle in the world and produces so much oxygen for us that it is also known as “the green lungs of the earth”. [/ Vc_column_text]

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Startseite » Geography learning material » The 7 continents of the world easily explained + map & video

The 7 continents of the world easily explained + map & video

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Millions of years ago our earth looked totally different than it does today. This was mainly due to the fact that all continents were connected. This giant continent was called Pangea. Due to the movement of our earth, the continents have slowly separated from one another over time and drifted in different directions. Only the two continents Australia and Antarctica stand completely alone.

Antarctica

Antarctica is located at the South Pole and is the coldest continent on earth. It is about one and a half times the size of Europe and almost completely covered in ice. It can reach minus 90 degrees Celsius there. With the exception of a few researchers, hardly any people live on the continent. There are also hardly any plants to be found here, so that the animals that live there, such as the penguin, mainly look for food in the sea.

Australia

Australia is both the smallest and the flattest continent. Together with New Zealand and the islands that surround Australia, it is often referred to as Oceania. The best known on the continent are probably the kangaroo, the koala and the platypus. The native people of Australia, the Aborigines, were very close to nature. Today over 20 million people live on this part of the world. Most are descendants of 19th century European immigrants.

 7 continents of the world map Asia

The largest continent, which covers almost 35%, i.e. almost a third, of the total area of ​​the earth, is Asia. It is connected to both Europe in the west and Africa in the southwest. Asia breaks many records, for example most of the people live in China and India. Russia, which is the largest country in the world, is also – in any case for the most part – in Asia. The largest mountain in the world – Mount Everest – is also located on the Asian continent. It is located in the Himalayan Mountains and is 8,848 meters high.

Europe

Europe is the second smallest continent and is linked to Asia. Since Europe is attached to Asia like a peninsula and, for example, Russia and Turkey are partly in Asia and partly in Europe, scientists often refer to these two continents as Eurasia. Even if Europe is relatively small, over 100 languages ​​are spoken here, because a lot of people with different cultures live here.

Africa

The warmest and second largest of all continents on earth is Africa. The largest desert area in the world is also located here: the Sahara. It takes up about a third of the total area of ​​Africa and is the hottest desert in the world. During the day it can get hotter than 60 degrees here, but at night it cools down to 30 degrees. Scientists found that today’s humans originated in Africa. Many fascinating animals such as the elephant, the rhinoceros, the zebra or the lion live in the savannahs of Africa.

The double continent America

America is made up of two contiguous continents. That is why it is also called a double continent. It stretches from the Arctic almost to the Antarctic, which means that all climatic zones can be found on this part of the world.

Most of the time, English is spoken in North America because there are the two largest countries there – the US and Canada. Most of the people in South America speak Spanish. Portuguese is only spoken in Brazil. The rainforest is also located on this continent. This is the largest jungle in the world and produces so much oxygen for us that it is also known as “the green lungs of the earth”. [/ Vc_column_text]

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