Startseite » Geography learning material » Turkish Flag: Star & Crescent – Meaning & History

Turkish Flag: Star & Crescent – Meaning & History Logo

The Turkish flag is very recognizable. That’s why almost everyone knows them. It is actually immediately associated with Turkey without having to think twice. On it you will find a half moon and a five-pointed star next to each other. These two symbols are not centered in the middle, but moved slightly to the left.

The emergence of the Turkish flag

During the creation there are precise specifications, with precise dimensions, how the symbols should be attached to each other and on the flag. If the two ends of the crescent moon are connected to each other, a circle is created in which one point of the star would touch the moon. There have been several editions of the Turkish flag since the last centuries, but today’s one has a red background with a white crescent moon and star < / strong>. On the first version of the Turkish flag, only the crescent moon could be seen alone on a blue background. 1793 the background changed from blue to red and 1844 the star was added .

The meaning of the star and the crescent

Why does the flag actually have a star and a crescent moon? What does that mean? You can find some myths and explanations for it. It is just not proven which of them is true and whether they are true.

It is said that the crescent moon and the star are symbols of Islam , but others claim that Islam has nothing to do with them.

Origin to Christianity

Some sources even report that the crescent moon and the star are no Islamic symbols at all. Constantine the Great is said to have played a major role in this. He worshiped the Virgin Mary , whose symbol is the star . When he founded the city of Constantinople he inaugurated it. There is another explanation for why the crescent moon can be seen on it. She was the symbol of Diana, the goddess of the hunt , who was greatly revered by the inhabitants of Byzantium. When the Ottomans seized power over Constantinople in 1453, the two symbols were adopted.

There are contradictions in this explanation because, as mentioned above, the star was not introduced until 1844.

Another legend

One evening, when dusk had already fallen, an Ottoman sultan rode past a small body of water. A battle had just ended and he was looking at the blood-stained red water. The moon in the shape of a sickle and a few stars were reflected in it. The Sultan was so overwhelmed by the sight that he included the image on the flag.