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What is the equator – Explanation, latitude, climate & temperature

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The equator is a line that goes around the earth. However, this line is only made up. It divides the earth into two equal parts: the northern hemisphere and the sweet hemisphere. It lies at latitude 0 and thus also forms the starting line from which the other latitudes are counted. The core of the earth, i.e. the center of the earth, is also the center of the equatorial circle.

If you measure the equator, you come to a length of just over 40,000 kilometers. Most of the time it crosses oceans, but it also runs through various countries in Africa and South America. On these two continents, the two countries, Ecuador and Equatorial Guinea, were even named after him. It also runs through the islands of Indonesia.

The weather at the equator

The weather at the equator

Our earth is divided into different climatic zones. The tropical climatic zone lies both in the north and on the south side of the equator. The weather there remains the same almost all year round, as the distance from the sun to the equator remains almost the same throughout the year. In this region there are no seasons as we know them in Europe.

Temperatures are consistently high at the equator. But it also gives rain here almost every day. This is due to the fact that clouds are constantly forming due to the warming. Unlike in other zones, where there is a table that shows the fluctuations in temperatures and rain over the year, there is a daily table here. Because the weather repeats itself here almost every day.

In the morning, the sun warms the earth and the water evaporates. This creates clouds. These are intensified by the north and south trade winds that meet in the tropical zone and shortly after noon, in the early afternoon there is then rain and sometimes thunderstorms. In the afternoon, rain showers may continue or the sun may come out again. Although there are no seasons, there can be increased rainfall in the spring and autumn months.